Testicular Cancer Medical Malpractice Lawyer Compensation Claims
Thousands of Canadian citizens are diagnosed with testicular cancer every year. The key to survival is early diagnosis and treatment which is often delayed due to misdiagnosis or misinterpreted test results. Testicular cancer misdiagnosis is extremely common and failure by a healthcare practitioner that amounts to negligence is a matter of medical malpractice and entitles the victim to claim financial recompense for pain and suffering or the loss of opportunity for a cure. Our specialist medical malpractice lawyers deal with testicular cancer clinical negligence cases against doctors, nurses, technicians and other healthcare providers working in medical practices, clinics, hospitals and all other places where health care is dispensed. If you would like advice about testicular cancer misdiagnosis just contact our offices and a specialist medical malpractice lawyer with call to discuss your potential compensation claim without charge and without further obligation. Our medical malpractice lawyers will give you their opinion on the liability of the negligent healthcare provider and will estimate the amount of the likely award of damages there and then.
Testicular Cancer Misdiagnosis Facts
Approximately 8,500 men are diagnosed in the US per year with testicular cancer but only 350 men will die per year from this disease. The median age at diagnosis is around 33 years old. White men have a fivefold increase in the rate of testicular cancer when compared to blacks. American Indians have a rate of approximately 4 men per 100,000 while whites have a rate of 6.5 men per 100,000. The median age at death from the disease is 40 years of age.
The survival rate for testicular cancer varies by the stage of cancer. Testicular cancer found in its earlier stages is about 99 percent five year survival rate. The survival rate for regional cancer is about 96 percent. Those with metastatic disease have the lowest five year survival rate at 73 percent. The treatments for testicular cancer are at a point where few people die from the disease.
The causes of testicular cancer are not known but there are certain risk factors that contribute to having the disease. These include abnormal testicular development including having been born with an undescended testicle. Men with Klinefelter’s syndrome are at high risk of having testicular cancer. Exposure to certain chemicals and having an HIV infection predispose you to having testicular cancer.
There are two types of testicular cancer: seminoma and non-seminoma. The cancers grow from the germ cells that eventually grow up to become sperm. Seminomas tend to occur in older men and are more slow growing. They often stay in the testicle but can go to nearby lymph nodes. They are extremely sensitive to local radiation therapy.
Non-seminomas are more common than seminomas. They tend to grow more quickly and turn metastatic. Non-seminomas are of several different types, including choriocarcinoma, embryonyl carcinoma, yolk sack tumours and teratomas. Stromal tumours are quite rare and are fortunately not cancerous. These often occur in childhood.
The main symptom of testicular cancer is finding a non-painful lump in the testicle on self exam or on doctor’s examination. You can also have low back pain, heavy sensations in the scrotum, and an enlargement of the testicle or excess breast tissue development. Metastatic disease can give other symptoms such as lung or abdominal symptoms. Brain metastases are possible.
A physical examination of the testes can show the presence of cancer. Other tests that work to diagnose testicular cancer include abdominal or pelvic CT, MRI of the pelvis and abdomen, chest x-ray, alpha fetoprotein levels, beta HCG levels and LDH levels in the blood. An ultrasound of the scrotum can show tumor involvement.
Treatment of testicular cancer depends on the type of tumour present and on the stage of the tumour.
Stage I cancer is when the tumour is confined to the testicle. Stage II cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes and stage III cancer has spread to other body areas, particularly in the liver, brain or lungs. The three major forms of treatment are surgery, which removes the testicle in a procedure known as an orchiectomy. A lymphadenectomy can also be done to remove involved lymph nodes in the pelvis or abdomen. Radiation therapy can be done after surgery or as a single line agent for the treatment of seminomas (without surgery). Chemotherapy is done using cisplatin or bleomycin in order to kill cancer cells that might have metastasized to distant body sites. Testicular cancer is fairly sensitive to chemotherapy.